CEOP Model Citations

Seaman, R. W. Bourke, P. Steinle, T. Hart,, G. Embery, M. Naughton, and L. Rikus, 1995: Evolution of the Bureau of Meteorology's global assimilation and prediction system. Part 1: analysis and initialisation. Aust. Met. Mag., 44, 1-18.

Bourke, W., T. Hart, P. Steinle, R. Seaman, G. Embery, M. Naughton, and L. Rikus, 1995: Evolution of the Bureau of Meteorology global assimilation and prediction system. Part 2: resolution enhancements and case studies. Aust. Met. Mag., 44, 19-40.


Cavalcanti IFA, Marengo JA, Satyamurty P, Nobre CA, Trosnikov I, Bonatti JP, Manzi AO, Tarasova T, Pezzi LP, D'Almeida C, Sampaio G, Castro CC, Sanches MB, Camargo L, 2002: Global climatological features in a simulation using the CPTEC-COLA AGCM. J. Climate, 15(21), 2965-2988


Ruane, A.C., and J.O. Roads, 2007: The diurnal cycle of water and energy over the continental United States from three reanalyses. J. Meteor. Soc. Jpn. 85A, 117-143.


Kanamitsu, M., A. Kumar, H.-M. H. Juang, W. Wang, F. Yang, J. Schemm, S.-Y. Hong, P. Peng, W. Chen and M. Ji, 2002a: NCEP Dynamical Seasonal Forecast System 2000. Bull. Amer. Met. Soc., 83, 1019-1037.


Japan Meteorological Agency, 2007: Outline of the operational numerical weather prediction at the Japan Meteorological Agency. Appendix to WMO numerical weather prediction progress report. available on


For the atmospheric model GEM that was used for CEOP

Côté, J., S. Gravel, A. Méthot, A. Patoine, M. Roch, and A. Staniforth, 1998a: The operational CMC-MRB global environmental multiscale (GEM) model. Part I: Design considerations and formulation. Mon. Wea. Rev., 126, 1373-1393.

For the particular configuration of the global system that was used for CEOP:

Bélair, S., J. Mailhot, C. Girard, and P. Vaillancourt, 2005: Boundary layer and shallow cumulus clouds in a medium-range forecast of large-scale weather system. Mon. Wea. Rev., 133, 1938-1960.

Bélair, S., M. Roch, A.-M. Leduc, P.A. Vaillancourt, S. Laroche, and J. Mailhot, 2008: Medium-range quantitative precipitation forecasts from Canada's new 33-km deterministic global operational system. Wea. Forecasting (conditionnally accepted, but the revisions required are small).


Global Climate and Weather Modeling Branch, EMC, Camp Springs, Maryland, 2003: The GFS Atmospheric Model. NCEP Office Note 442, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Weather Service, National Centers for Environmental Prediction, 4700 Silver Hill Road, Mail Stop 9910, Washington D.C. 20233-9910

UK Met Office

Milton SF, Earnshaw P, 2007: Evaluation of surface water and energy >> cycles in the Met Office global NWP model using CEOP data. JMSJ, 85A, >> 43-72

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